Exploring University Students Perceptions about Using Mobile Phone as Learning Aid

Rabab Naqvi, Shelina Bhamani


This study examined the perception of students’ in using mobile
phones as a learning aid within universities in Karachi. The prime
objective of the study was to evaluate the student’s readiness and
acceptance in incorporating m-learning in their learning process.
For this purpose data was collected from different universities in
Karachi aged between 22-40 years with a sample size of N=204. To
test the data Mobile learning survey was used, consisted of 16
items with a Likert response scale providing ranges from 1-5 from
strongly disagree to strongly agree, followed by asking their ability
to use their phones for educational purposed and later captivating
their idea of mobile phones integration into their classrooms. Results
of the study showed that students’ spent plenty of time on their cell
phones and they use it for a variety of applications. The results also
indicated that they knew almost all of its function and were using
them in their daily lives. They were already using their mobile phones
for retrieval of information and according to them it had removed
learning barriers. However students’ were not sure if m-learning
should be incorporated into their classrooms

Full Text:



Aamri, A., & Suleiman, K. (2011). The Use of Mobile Phones in Learning

English Language by Sultan Qaboos University Students:

Practices, Attitudes and challenges. Canadian Journal on

Scientific & Industrial Research, 2(3), 143-152.

Ally, M. (2009). Mobile Learning: Transforming the Delivery of

Education and Training. Edmonton: Athabasca University


Aoki, K., & Downes, E. J. (2003). An analysis of young people’s use of

and attutudes toward cell phones. Telematics and

Informatics, 20, 349-364.

APP. (2011, July 27). Pakistan ranks 5th in Asia in mobile phone

users. Retrieved from Dawn.com: http://www.dawn.com/


Attaa, A. (2014, July 10). Mobile Phone Users in Pakistan Cross 139.2

Million Mark. Retrieved from propakistani: http://


Bali, E. (2013, February 8). The Time is Now for Mobile Technology in

Higher Education. Retrieved July 15, 2014, from The

Evolllution: http://www.evolllution.com/


Berg, B. L. (2004). Qualitative research methods for the social sciences

(Vol. 5). Boston: Pearson.

Campbell, S. W. (2006). Perceptions of mobile phones in college

classrooms: Ringing, cheating, and classroom policies.

Communication Education, 55(3), 280-294.

Christine Armatas, D. H. (2005). Balancing the possibilities for mobile

technologies in higher education. Balance, Fidelity,

Mobility: maintaining the momentum?, 27-35

Conner, C. (2013, December 11). Fifty Essential Mobile Marketing

Facts. Retrieved from Forbes: http://www.forbes.com/sites/


Contributor, G. (2011, July 13). The Importance Of Cell Phones In

Modern Society. Retrieved from RMG Tech: http://


Corlett, D., Sharples, M., Chan, T., & Bull, S. (2004). A Mobile Learning

Organiser for University Students. Second IEEE

International Workshop (pp. 35-42). IEEE.

DiGiano, C., Yarnall, L., Patton, C., Roschelle, J., & Tatar, D. M. (2002).

Collaboration Design Patterns: Conceptual Tools for

Planning for The Wireless Classroom. IEEE International

Workshop on Wireless and Mobile Technologies in

Education (pp. 39-47). IEEE.




Online Journal of Educational Technology – TOJET, 8(2),


Georgiev, T., Georgiev, E., & Smrikarov, A.

(2004). M-Learning - a New Stage of Å-

Learning. International Conference on Computer

System and Technologies, 4, pp. 1-4.

Gilroy, M. (2004). Invasion of the Classroom Cell Phones. Education

Digest: Essential Readings Condensed for Quick Review,

(6), 56-60.

Holzinger, A., Nischelwitzer, A., & Meisenberger, M. (2005). Mobile

Phones as a Challenge for m-Learning: Examples for Mobile

Interactive Learning Objects (MILOs). PerCom 2005

Workshops (pp. 307-311). IEEE.

Hussain, S., Manap, M. R., Amir, Z., & Krish, P. (2012). Mobile Learning

Readiness among Malaysian Students at Higher Learning

Institutes. Asian Social Science, 8(12), 276-286.

Iqbal, M. J., & Ahmad, M. (2010). ENHANCING QUALITY OF


Allama Iqbal Open University. Turkish Online Journal of

Distance Education-TOJDE, 11(1), 84-97

Iqbal, S., & Qureshi, I. A. (2012). M-Learning Adoption: A Perspective

from a Developing Country. The International Review of

Research in Open and Distance Learning, 13(3).

Ito, M. (2005). Mobile phones, Japanese youth, and the re-lacement of

social contact. Springer London, 131-148.

Jamil, S., Zehra, F., Naqvi, R., & Bhamani, S. (2013). Impact of facebook

intensity on academic grades of private university students.

Information and Communication Technologies (ICICT) (pp.

-10). Karachi: IEEE.

Kamran, S. (2010). Mobile Phone: Calling and Texting Patterns of College

Students in Pakistan. International Journal of Business and

Management, 5(4), 26-36.

Katz, J. (2005). Mobile Phones in Educational Settings. (pp. 305-317).

Vienna: Passagen Verlag.

Kearsley, G. (1999). Online Education: Learning and teaching in

cyberspace. Belmont: Wadsworth Publishing.

Kent, B. (2012, December 10). Be Visible. Retrieved July 15, 2014, from

Be Visible Associates: http://www.bevisibleassoc.com/themobile-web-10-incredible-facts-that-you-probably-didntknow/

Kevin Wood, S. H. (2003, 09 22). Taming the MegaLecture: Wireless

Quizzing. Retrieved July 15, 2014, from Campus Technology:


Larry Johnson, A. L. (2008). Horizon Report: 2008 Australia-New

Zealand Edition. Austin, Texas: The New Media Consortium.

Ling, R. (2000). “We will be reached”: The use of mobile telephony

among Norwegian youth. Information technology and

people, 13(2), 102-120.

Maria Virvou, E. A. (2005, January). Mobile educational features in

authoring tools for personalised tutoring. Computers and

Education, 44(1), 53-68.

Motiwalla, L. F. (2007). Mobile Learning: A Framework & Evaluation.

Elsevier, 49, 581-596.

Muhammad Javid, M. A. (2011). Mobile Phone Culture and its

Psychological Impacts on Students’ Learning at the

University Level. Language in India, 11, 415-422.

Muhanna, W. N., & Abu-Al-Sha’r, A. M. (2009). University Students’

Attitudes towards Cell Phone Learning Environment. iJIM,

(4), 35-40.

O’Malley, C., Vavoula, G., Glew, J., Taylor, J., Sharples, M., & Lefrere,

P. (2005). Guidelines for learning in a mobile envirnment.


Osman, M., El-Hussein, M., & Cronje, J. C. (2010). Defining Mobile

Learning in the Higher Education Landscape. Educational

Technology and Society, 13(3), 12-21.

Palen, L., Salzman, M., & Youngs, E. (2001). Discovery and Integration

of Mobile Communications in Everyday Life. Springer, 5,


Peng, H., Su, Y.-J., Chou, C., & Tsai, C.-C. (2009). Ubiquitous knowledge

construction: mobile learning re-defined and a conceptual

framework. Innovations in Education and Teaching

Internaional, 46(2), 171-183.

Pollara, P. (2011, December). MOBILE LEARNING IN HIGHER



PERCEPTIONS. Ph.D Dissertation. Louisiana, USA:

Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical


Prensky, M. (2005). What Can You Learn From A Cell Phone? - Almost

Anything! In B. Bracey, & T. Culver, Harnessing the

Potential of ICT for Education: A Multistakeholder

Approach (Vol. 1, pp. 271-279). New York: United Nations


Puro, J. P. (2002). Finland: a mobile culture. In J. E. Katz, & M. Aarkus,

Perpetual Contact: Mobile Communication, Private Talk,

Public Performance (pp. 19-29). Cambridge University Press.

Qureshi, I. A., Ilyas, K., Yasmin, R., & Whitty, M. (2012). Challenges

of implementing e-learning in a Pakistani university.

Knowledge Management & E-Learning: An International

Journal, 4(3), 310-324.

Sharples, M. (2000). The design of personal mobile technologies for

lifelong learning. Computers & Education, 34, 177-193.

Sharples, M., Taylor, J., & Vavoula, G. (2005). Towards a Theory of

Mobile Learning. Proceedings of mLearn, (pp. 1-9).

Steve, T. (2013, August 16). The Need of Mobile Phones in our daily

lives. Retrieved from explore B2B: https://exploreb2b.com/


Suki, N. M., & Suki, N. M. (2011). Using Mobile Device for Learning:

From Students’ Perspective. US-China Education Review,

, 44-53.

Telbis, R. (2014, May 01). Mobile Phones Increase Literacy, Report

Reveals. Retrieved from Borgen Magazine: http://


Thulin, E., & Vilhelmson, B. (2007). Mobiles everywhere Youth, the

mobile phone, and changes in everyday practice. Young,

(3), 235-253.

Tiong Goh, K. (2006). Getting Ready for Mobile Learning-Adaptation

Perspective. Journal of Educational Multimedia and

Hypermedia, 15(2), 175-198.

Totten, J. W., T. J., Cook, R. A., & Lesch, W. (2008). General Patterns of

Cell Phone Usage among College Students. Services

Marketing Quarterly, 26(3), 13-39.

Tracy, F. (2006). Making Language Work. London: McGraw-Hill


Traxler, J. (2007). Defining, discussing and evaluating mobile learning:

the moving finger writes and having written. The International

Review of Researh in Open and Distance Learning, 8(2).

Trifonova, A. (2003). Mobile Learning- Review of the Literature.

Tsao, C. (2013, October 08). 6 Ways Mobile Technology Has

Transformed the World’s Poor. Retrieved from Huffington

Post: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/clara-tsao/6-waysmobile-techology-h_b_4054076.html

Universities Using Technologies. (2012, May 11). Retrieved July 16,

, from TopUniversities: http://www.topuniversities.com/


Wains, S. I., & Mahmood, W. (2008). Integrating m-learning with elearning. 9th ACM SIGITE conference on Information

Technology Conference (pp. 31-38). ACM.

Wang, M., She, R., Novak, D., & Pan, X. (2009). The impact of mobile

learning on students’ learning behaviours and performance:

Report from a large blended classroom. British Journal of

Educational Technology, 40(4), 673-695.

Wilska, T.-A. (2003). Mobile Phone Use as Part of Young People’s

Consumption Styles. Journal of Consumer Policy, 26, 441-

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22555/pjets.v4i2.262


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Chief Editor

Prof. Dr. Tariq Rahim Soomro 
College of Computer Science & Information Systems

Editorial Advisory Board (Internal)

Dr. Syed Irfan Hyder
Dr. S.M. Aqil Burney
Dr. Ejaz Ahmed
Dr. Mohammad Irshad Khan
Dr. Shahid Amjad
Dr. Fatima Riaz
Dr. Insia Hussain
Dr. Ehsan Rehman
Dr. Imran Majid
Dr. Khurram Iqbal
Dr. Zeeshan Shahid
Dr. Seema Ansari
Dr. Muhammad Mansoor Alam


Editorial Advisory Board (International)

Prof. Dr. Mazliham Mohd Su'ud, President, Multimedia University, Malaysia

Dr. Eiad Yafi, Deputy Dean, Institute of Post Graduate Studies, Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Prof. Dr. Ghassan Al-Qaimari, President, Emirates College of Technology, Abu Dhabi, UAE
Prof. Dr. Patrice Boursier, Universite de La Rochelle, La Rochelle, France
Prof. Dr. Mudassir Uddin, Professor, University of Karachi, Pakistan
Dr. Nadeem Doudpota, Associate Professor, Al-Baha University, KSA
Dr. Haithem Abdelrazaq Almefleh, Associate Professor, Yarmouk University, Yarmouk, Jordan
Dr. Saiful Islam Ansari, Assistant Professor, University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia