Marine Ecological Assessment for LNG Terminal at Port Qasim

Dr. Shahid Amjad, Moinuddin Ali Khan

Abstract


Multinational companies intend to develop a Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) terminal with floating storage and regasification arrangement (FSRA) in the jurisdiction of Port Qasim. Approximately 500 MMSCFD or 3.5 million tons per annum of LNG would be transferred through a mooring arrangement, which would require marine works/structures such as a berth for docking and mooring of LNG Carriers and Floating Ship Regasification Arrangement (FSRA) i.e., unloading, storage and vapor recovery and return unit and pipelines to the delivery point for transport to off-takers. The FSRA will deliver the re-gasified liquefied natural gas (RLNG) via jetty and onshore associated facilities to the gas network operated by the in-country transmission pipeline providers SSGCL and SNGPL. The approach channel of Port Qasim is associated with Gharo Phitti Creek System consists of three creeks: Gharo Creek, Kadiro Creek and Phitti Creek has tidal creeks and are with associated mangrove and mudflats ecosystems that are linked with a network of creeks in the Indus Delta. Dredging will be required to create the berthing and the turning basin of diameter 400 to 700 m with a depth of -13.5 m below chart datum (CD). Approximate dredged material would be upto 5.5 Million cubic meters. The dredged material will be utilized for the reclamation and to construct shore protection structure. Land Area of 75-100 acres with water front of 1000 m has been allocated in the PQA for this project. This would be the first time that LNG terminals are being set up in PQA.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Gray J.S and Michael Elliott, 2009 Ecology of marine sediments: from science to management. Oxford University Press, pp 225

Khan S.A. 1966. Working plan of coastal zone. Afforestation Division. From 1963-64 to 1982-83. Agriculture Dept. Govt of Pakistan

Saifullah S.M. 1982.Mangrove ecosystem of Pakistan. In The third research on Mangroves in Middle East, Japan Cooperative Center for the Middle East. Publ. No. 137 Toyko Japan pp 69-80

Schubel,J.R. 1984 Estuarine circulation and sedimentation: an overview..Marine Geology and Oceanography of Arabian Sea and coastal Pakistan Ed. B.U Haq and J.D Milliman Van Nostrand Reinhold Company Inc. NY. pp113-136

Snedaker, S.C. 1984 Mangrove: A summary of Knowledge with emphasis on Pakistan. In Marine Geology and Oceanography of Arabian Sea and coastal Pakistan Ed. B.U Haq and J.D Milliman Van Nostrand Reinhold Company Inc. NY. pp 255-262

Qureshi, T. 2005. Mangroves of Pakistan: status and management. IUCN. Pakistan




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22555/pjets.v1i2.165

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Chief Editor

Prof. Dr. Tariq Rahim Soomro 
Dean
College of Computer Science & Information Systems

Editor

Dr. Muhammad Mansoor Alam
 Professor and Associate Dean
 College of Computer Science & Information Systems

Associate Editors

Engr. Syed Mubashir Ali
Senior Lecturer & Course Coordinator
College of Computer Science & Information Systems

Publication Coordinator
Humaira Kanwal

Editorial Advisory Board (Internal)

Dr. Syed Irfan Hyder
Dr. S.M. Aqil Burney
Dr. Ejaz Ahmed
Dr. Mohammad Irshad Khan
Dr. Shahid Amjad
Dr. Fatima Riaz
Dr. Insia Hussain
Dr. Dr. Ehsan Rehman
Dr. Imran Majid
Dr. Khurram Iqbal
Dr. Zeeshan Shahid
Dr. Seema Ansari
Dr. Sumaira Khan

 

Editorial Advisory Board (International)

Prof. Dr. Mazliham Mohd Su'ud, President, Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Prof. Dr. Ghassan Al-Qaimari, President, Emirates College of Technology, Abu Dhabi, UAE
Prof. Dr. Patrice Boursier, Universite de La Rochelle, La Rochelle, France
Prof. Dr. Mudassir Uddin, Professor, University of Karachi, Pakistan
Dr. Nadeem Doudpota, Associate Professor, Al-Baha University, KSA
Dr. Haithem Abdelrazaq Almefleh, Associate Professor, Yarmouk University, Yarmouk, Jordan
Dr. Saiful Islam Ansari, Assistant Professor, University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia