DETERMINANTS OF EDUCATIONACHIEVEMENTS IN PAKISTAN

Ahmed Raza Cheema, Ahmed Raza Cheema

Abstract


The study estimates the determinants of education achievement by employing Censored Ordered Probit model using the PSLM data 2010/11. The results depict that mother education has more prominent effects on children’s education achievement than father education. The gender wise results indicate that the father education has more effects on boys’ education achievement while the mother education has more effects on girls’ education achievement. The relationship between age of children and education achievement is of inverted ‘U’ shaped. The results show that land ownership and income have significant positive effects on education achievement. School distance and household size are major problems for children education achievements especially for girls. The study also finds that boys have more chances of education achievements than girls in rural, urban and overall Pakistan. Regional level results show that children have more chances of education achievements in urban areas as compared to rural areas of Pakistan. The study suggests that there should be more emphasize on school education achievement especially for girls who are going to become mother tomorrow especially in rural areas. The government should enhance awareness to control family size and provide schools nearest to the homes of children. The land reforms should be reconsidered and economic growth enhancing policies should be adopted.

Keywords


father education, mother education, income, land ownership, age of children, school distance, family size, Pakistan.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22555/pbr.v20i2.1187

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