School Heads’ Perceptions About Their Leadership Styles

Ahsan-Ur- Rehman, Muhammad Ilyas Khan, Zarina Waheed

Abstract


This study explores school heads’ perceptions regarding their school leadership styles. The study adopted qualitative design. The sample of the study consisted of 10 male and 10 female head teachers from Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews. Findings revealed that school heads adopted a number of leadership styles. The main leadership styles found included instructional leadership, transformational leadership and moral leadership. These different leadership styles were adopted keeping in view the need of the different situations that heads found themselves working in. The study has important implications for school management, school teachers, researchers and policy makers.


Keywords: instructional leadership, moral leadership, school leadership,
transformation leadership



Keywords


instructional leadership, moral leadership, school leadership, transformation leadership

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akbulut, M., Seggie, F. N. & Börkan, B. (2015). Faculty member perceptions of department head leadership effectiveness at a state university in Turkey. International Journal of Leadership in Education, 18(4), 440–463.

Bahadur, W., Amir, B., Waheed, Z., & Abdul Nasir, K. (2017). Multiple-oriented leadership behvior and school performance: A Multiple-case study. Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Management, 5(2), 25–41.

Bass, B. M. (1985). Leadership and Performance Beyond Expectations. New York: The Free Press.

Begum, N., Jan, F. A., & Khan, S.-U.-D. (2013). Women in leadership: An examination of transformational leadership, gender role orientation and leadership effectiveness (A case study of Pakistan and Turkey). Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 29(2), 307- 316.

Branson, C. M., Baig, S., & Begum, A. (2015). Personal values of principals and their manifestation in student behaviour: A district-level study in Pakistan. Educational Management Administration and Leadership, 43(1), 107-128.

Bryman, A. (2008). Social Research Methods. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Crum, K. S., Sherman, W. H., & Myran, S. (2009). Best practices of successful elementary school leaders. Journal of Educational Administration, 48(1), 48–63.

Geraki, A. (2014). Roles and skills comparison among principals in greek schools: Application of competing values framework. Educational Management Administration and Leadership, 42(4), 45-64.

Hallinger, P. (2003). Leading educational change: Reflections on the practice of instructional and transformational leadership. Cambridge Journal of Education, 33(3), 329–352.

Hallinger, P. (2007). Research on the practice of instructional and transformational leadership: Retrospect and prospect. In The Leadership Challenge - Improving learning in schools. ACER Research Conference, Australia.

Harris, A. (2004). Distributed leadership and school improvement: Leading or misleading? Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 32(1), 11–24.

Hussin, S., & Waheed, Z. (2016). Rising to prominence and excellence : A conceptual model of school transformation. In NTED 2016 (pp. 3221–3231). Valencia, Spain.

Ismail, A., & Abdullah, A. G. K. (2012). A journey to excellence: A case of Ulu Lubai national primary school in Limbang Sarawak, Malaysia. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 69, 1309-1313.

Kanokorn, S., Wallapha, A., & Ngang, T. K. (2013). Indicators of ethical leadership for school principals in Thailand. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 93, 2085- 2089.

Khaki, J. E. A., & Safdar, Q. (2010). Educational leadership in Pakistan: Ideals and realities. Karachi: Oxford University Press.

Khan, P., & Iqbal, M. (2013). An analysis of principals’ interventions for school effectiveness: Principals’ perspectives. Dialogue, 8(4), 420-438.

Khan, S., & Anjum, M. A. (2013). Role of leadership style and its impact on getting competitive advantage. European Journal of Applied Sciences, 5(2), 53-61.

Khan, W., Ahmad, S. M., & Iqbal, M. (2014). School excellence: Principals’ perceptions and students’ expectations. FUW Journal of Social Sciences, 8(2), 15-25.

Lazaridou, A., & Beka, A. (2015). Personality and resilience characteristics of Greek primary school principals. Educational Management Administration and Leadership, 43(5), 772-791.

Leithwood, K., & Sun, J. (2012). The Nature and effects of transformational school leadership: A Meta-Analytic review of unpublished research. Educational Administration Quarterly, 48(3), 387–423.

Lopez, E. S., & Ensari, N. (2014). The effects of leadership style, organizational outcome, and gender on attributional bias towards leaders. Jouranl of Leadership Studies, 8(2), 19-35.

Marks, H. M., & Printy, S. M. (2003). Principal leadership and school performance: An integration of transformational and instructional leadership. Educational Administration Quarterly, 39(3), 370–397.

Michel, J. W., Lyons, B. D., & Cho, J. (2010). Is the Full-Range Model of Leadership really a full-range model of effective leader behavior? Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 18(4), 493–507.

Miller, C. M., & Martin, B. N. (2015). Principal preparedness for leading in demographically changing schools: Where is the social justice training? Educational Management Adminisration and Leadership, 43(1), 129-151.

Mulford, B. (2008). The leadership challenge : Improving learning in schools. Australian Education Review: ACER Press.

Niazi, S. (2012). School leadership and educational practices in Pakistan. Academic Research International, 3(2), 312-319.

Rehman, A. (2018). A study of career trajectories of school teachers who become school headmasters and principals (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Qurtuba University of Science and Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan.

Smith, C., & Amushigamo, A. (2016). The perceived influence of school leadership on learner behaviour in a Namibian secondary school. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 44(4), 650-667.

Urick, A. (2016). Examining US principal perception of multiple leadership styles used to practice shared instructional leadership. Journal of Educational Administration, 54(2), 152-172.

Vermeulen, M., Van Acker, F., Kreijns, K., & van Buuren, H. (2015). Does transformational leadership encourage teachers’ use of digital learning materials. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 43(6), 1–20.

Waheed, Z., Hussin, S., & Bin Megat Daud, M. A. K. (2018). The best practices for school transformation: A multiple-case study. Journal of Educational Administration, 56(1), 88-103.

Waheed, Z., Hussin, S., Khan, M. I., Ghavifekr, S., & Bahadur, W. (2018). Ethical leadership and change: A qualitative comparative case study in selected Malaysian transformed schools. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 46(1), 113-129.

Watson, T. N., & Rivera-McCutchen, R. L. (2016). #BlackLivesMatter: A call for transformative leadership. Journal of Cases in Educational Leadership, 19(2), 3-11.

Wildy, H., Siguroardottir, S. M., & Faulkner, R. (2014). Leading the small rural school in Iceland and Australia: Building leadership capacity. Educational Management Administration and Leadership, 42(4), 104-118.

Yates, L. A. (2014). Exploring the relationship of ethical leadership with Job satisfaction , organizational commitment , and organizational citizenship behavior. The Journal of Values-Based Leadership, 7(1), 1–15.

Yemini, M., Addi-Raccah, A., & Katarivas, K. (2015). I have a dream: School principals as entrepreneurs. Educational Management Administration and Leadership, 43(4), 526-540

Yin, R. K. (2009). Case study research: Design and methods (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

Yıldırım, A., & Baştuğ, İ. (2010). Teachers’ views about ethical leadership behaviors of primary school directors. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2(2), 4109– 4114.

Yukl, G. (1999). An evaluative essay on current conceptions of effective leadership. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 8(1), pp. 33–48.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22555/joeed.v6i1.2288

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License