ACCESS TO HIGHER EDUCATION: SOURCE OF GRADUATE EMPLOYABILITY AND WELLBEING

Haroon Bakari, Ahmed Imran Hunjra

Abstract


Access to higher education has been the subject of considerable debate among policy makers and academicians. But the concept lacks empirical evidence regarding its impact upon students and societal outcomes. This study provides empirical answer to the research question: how do access to higher education and teachers’ support relate to graduates’ self-perceived employability and psychological wellbeing? The data were collected from 520 students of bachelors and master’s programs in rural campuses of an oldest University of Pakistan and analyzed through Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) using AMOS and SPSS software. Results reveal that access to higher education and teachers support are positively related with selfperceived employability of graduating student with little or no difference among gender. Whereas, teachers support also contributes to psychological wellbeing of the students. The impact of access to higher education on psychological wellbeing was insignificant. This study provides implications for universities, policy makers, and human resource management professionals regarding enhancement of graduate employability.

 

Keywords: access to higher education, psychological well-being, self-perceived
employability, teachers’ support


Keywords


Access to Higher Education, Teachers' Support; Graduate Employability

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adewara, S. (2014). Basic services and subjective wellbeing: A panel evidence from South Africa. Centrepoint Journal (Humanities Edition), 16(2).

Argyle, M., & Furnham, A. (2013). The psychology of money. London: Routledge.

Asghar, Z., & Zahra, M. (2012). A benefit incidence analysis of public spending on education in Pakistan using PSLM data. The Lahore Journal of Economics, 17(2), 111-136.

Bakari, H., Hunjra, A. I., & Saman, A. (2017). Measuring access to higher education: Development and validation of scale. Pakistan Business Review, 19(3).

Bakari, H., & Khoso, I. (2017). Psychological determinants of graduate employability: A comparative study of business and agriculture students across Pakistan. Business & Economic Review, 9(4), 113-140. doi:10.22547/ber/9.4.6

Batool, S. Q., Sajid, M., & Shaheen, I. (2013). Gender and higher education in Pakistan. International Journal of Gender and Women’s Studies, 1(1), 15-28.

Belyakov, A., Cremonini, L., Mfusi, M., & Rippner, J. (2009). The effects of transitions on access to higher education. Washington, DC: Institute for Higher Education Policy.

Berntson, E., & Marklund, S. (2007). The relationship between perceived employability and subsequent health. Work & Stress, 21(3), 279-292. 142 Vol. 5 No. 2 (Dec 2018) Access to Higher Education.

Chevalier, A., & Feinstein, L. (2006). Sheepskin or Prozac: The causal effect of education on mental health. Retrieved from http://webarchive.nationalarchives gov.uk/20130402122348/https://www.education.gov.uk/publicationseOrderingDownload/RW21.pdf

Cockerill, M. P. (2014). Beyond education for economic productivity alone: The capabilities approach. International Journal of Educational Research, 66, 13-21. doi:10.1016/j.ijer.2014.01.003

Coetzee, M. (2014). Measuring student graduateness: Reliability and construct validity of the Graduate Skills and Attributes Scale. Higher Education Research & Development, 33(5), 887-902.

Cooper, D. R., & Schindler, P. S. (2008). Business research methods: International edition. New York: McGraw Hill.

Costea, B., Amiridis, K., & Crump, N. (2012). Graduate employability and the principle of potentiality: An aspect of the ethics of HRM. Journal of Business Ethics, 111(1), 25-36.

Cummins, R. A. (2000). Personal income and subjective well-being: A review. Journal of Happiness Studies, 1(2), 133-158.

De Cuyper, N., Van der Heijden, B. I., & De Witte, H. (2011). Associations between perceived employability, employee well-being, and its contribution to organizational success: A matter of psychological contracts? The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 22(07), 1486-1503.

Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. L. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125(2), 276.

González-Gómez, F., Guardiola, J., & Garcia-Muñoz, T. (2009). The link between water access and subjective well-being: Some methods and proposals. The Papers: Department of Economics Theory and Economics History of the University of Granada, 9(2).

Graham, C., & Nikolova, M. (2013). Does access to information technology make people happier? Insights from well-being surveys from around the world. The Journal of Socio-Economics, 44, 126-139. doi:10.1016/j.socec.2013.02.025

Grotkowska, G., Wincenciak, L., & Gajderowicz, T. (2015). Ivory-tower or marketoriented enterprise: The role of higher education institutions in shaping graduate employability in the domain of science. Higher Education Research & Development, 34(5), 869-882. doi:10.1080/07294360.2015.1011090

Guardiola, J., González-Gómez, F., & Lendechy Grajales, Á. (2011). The influence of water access in subjective well-being: Some evidence in Yucatan, Mexico. Social Indicators Research, 110(1), 207-218. doi:10.1007/s11205-011-9925-3

Helliwell, J. F., Layard, R., & Sachs, J. (2012). World happiness report. New York.

Helliwell, J. F., & Putnam, R. D. (2004). The social context of well-being. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 359(1449), 1435.

Herzberg, F. (1969). Work and the nature of man. New Jersy: Thomas Y. Crowell Co.

Hofmann, C., Stalder, B. E., Tschan, F., & Häfeli, K. (2014). Support from teachers and trainers in vocational education and training: The pathways to career aspirations and further career development. International Journal for Research in Vocational Education and Training, 1(1), 1-20.

Jongbloed, J. (2018). Higher education for happiness? Investigating the impact of education on the hedonic and eudaimonic well-being of Europeans. European Educational Research Journal. doi:10.1177/1474904118770818

Kazis, R., Vargas, J., & Hoffman, N. (Eds.). (2004). Double the numbers: Increasing postsecondary credentials for underrepresented youth. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Education Publishing Group.

Konu, A. I., Lintonen, T. P., & Autio, V. J. (2002). Evaluation of well-being in schools: A multilevel analysis of general subjective well-being. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 13(2), 187-200.

Luthans, F., Youssef-Morgan, C. M., & Avolio, B. J. (2015). Psychological capital and beyond. New York: Oxford University Press.

Meny-Gibert, S., & Russel, B. (2010). Access to education. Retrieved from Johannesburg: Social Issues in Africa.

Metheny, J., McWhirter, E. H., & O’Neil, M. E. (2008). Measuring perceived teacher support and its influence on adolescent career development. Journal of Career Assessment, 16(2), 1-20. doi:0.1177/1069072707313198

Ministry of Education Pakistan. (2013). Country report of Pakistan: Accelerating millennium development goals 2013-15. Retrieved from http://www.moent.gov.pk/frmDetails.aspx?id=2&opt=publications

Nurmi, J.-E., Salmela-Aro, K., & Koivisto, P. (2002). Goal importance and related achievement beliefs and emotions during the transition from vocational school to work: Antecedents and consequences. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 60(2), 241-261.

Pitan, O. S. (2016). Towards enhancing university graduate employability in Nigeria. Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology, 7(1), 1-11.

Planning Commission Government of Pakistan. (2011). The framework for economic growth. Retrieved from https://www.theigc.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/Planning-Commission-2011-Final-Report.pdf

Praskova, A., Creed, P. A., & Hood, M. (2015). Self-regulatory processes mediating between career calling and perceived employability and life satisfaction in emerging adults. Journal of Career Development, 42(2), 86-101.

Qenani, E., MacDougall, N., & Sexton, C. (2014). An empirical study of self-perceived employability: Improving the prospects for student employment success in an uncertain environment. Active Learning in Higher Education, 15(3), 199-213.

Rabin, M., & Schrag, J. L. (1999). First impressions matter: A model of confirmatory bias. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 114(1), 37-82.

Roese, N. J., & Summerville, A. (2005). What we regret most... and why. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 31(9), 1273-1285.

Rothwell, A., Herbert, I., & Rothwell, F. (2008). Self-perceived employability: Construction and initial validation of a scale for university students. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 73(1), 1-12.

Rothwell, A., Jewell, S., & Hardie, M. (2009). Self-perceived employability: Investigating the responses of post-graduate students. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 75(2), 152-161.

Ryff, C. D. (1989). Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(6), 1069.

Samo, A. H., & Mahar, A. H. (2016). Pakistan country report. Retrieved from St.Gallen/ Bern:

Schnettler, B., Denegri, M., Miranda, H., Sepúlveda, J., Orellana, L., Paiva, G., & Grunert,

K. G. (2015). Family support and subjective well-being: An exploratory study of university students in southern chile. Social Indicators Research, 122(3), 833-864. doi:10.1007/s11205-014-0718-3

Soutter, A., O’Steen, B., & Gilmore, A. (2012). Students’ and teachers’ perspectives on wellbeing in a senior secondary environment. Journal of Student Wellbeing, 5(2), 34-67.

Suldo, S. M., & Huebner, E. S. (2004). Does life satisfaction moderate the effects of stressful life events on psychopathological behavior during adolescence? School Psychology Quarterly, 19(2), 93.

Teichler, U. (2009). Higher education and the world of work: Conceptual framework, comparative perspectives, empirical findings. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.

Teichler, U., Aamodt, P. O., Rinne, K., Mora, J., de Weert, E., & Brennan, J. (1996). Higher education and graduate employment in Europe. Kassel: Centre for the Study of Higher Education at Work.

Tomlinson, M. (2008). ‘The degree is not enough’: Students’ perceptions of the role of higher education credentials for graduate work and employability. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 29(1), 49-61.

UNESCO. (2014). Pakistan: UNESCO Country programming document 2013-2017. Retrieved from unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0022/002256/225625E.pdf

United Nations. (1989). Convention on the rights of the child. Retrieved from https://www.crin.org/en/home/rights/convention/text-convention

Wilson, W. R. (1967). Correlates of avowed happiness. Psychological Bulletin, 67(4), 294.

Wyn, J. (2007). Learning to ‘become somebody well’: Challenges for educational policy. The Australian Educational Researcher, 34(3), 35-52.

Yorke, M. (2006). Employability in higher education: What it is–what it is not. York,

England: The Higher Education Academy.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22555/joeed.v5i2.1742

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License