Stover’s Augmented Proximate Determinants of Fertility: A Regional Analysis In Pakistan



The significant drop of fertility levels is a recognized fact in Pakistan, however; regional disparities are yet observed, that is conditioned to ruling unequal growth of regions and its consequence in local demographic condition. The current study emphasizes regional appraisal of direct determinants of fertility reduction, as a means for quality understanding the projected population problems. Stover augmented model (1998) is being employed to analyze the effects of sexual activity, contraception, induced abortion, post-partum infertility and secondary sterility on different fertility levels, using three data sets of Pakistan Demographic and Health Surveys, 1990-91, 2006-07 and 2012-13. In early 90, secondary sterility showed higher inhibiting effects but afterwards; its value increased gradually, putting lesser weight on fertility levels. Sexual activity and post-partum infertility came out as other highly contributing factors whereas, contraception and induced abortion; though increased over time comparatively showed less influence on fertility drop. The study suggests that in prevailing orthodoxy Muslim society; free dialogues on women’s reproductive health and family planning should be supported via government movement. Furthermore; for directing and promoting population cut spouses should give the confidence to go for sterilization after reaching preferred family size.


Total Fertility Rate, Proximate determinants of fertility, Bongaarts fertility Model (1978), Stover’s augmented fertility model (1998), Regional disparities, Pakistan


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