Sohail Ahmed, Hina Hussain Kazmi


The Government of Pakistan has launched the reforms to address the quality of teacher education in view of National Educational Policy (2009) and developed ten professional standards (NPSTP 2009) for initial preparation of teachers, this quantitative descriptive study was an attempt to investigate public teachers training colleges of Karachi, faculty proficiency in the pedagogical use of ICT in context of "NPSTP Standard # 7" and to identify constraints which they face in this context. A representative sample of 68 teacher educators from ten public sector teachers training colleges were selected conveniently to participate in this study. A tailor-made, self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. The quantitative data was analysed employing the descriptive statistical technique. The study found low proficiency in the pedagogical use of ICT among faculty members. Moreover, in-sufficient training, restricted access to ICT, lack of collegial learning and less motivation among faculty were identified as main constrains which the faculty faced in the usage of ICT. Subsequent to finding, feasible recommendations were suggested for the effective and efficient use of ICT as an instruction tool.  


Information and Communication Technology, Teacher Education, Pedagogy.


Alharbi, A. M. (2013). Teacher's Attitudes towards Integrating Technology: Case Studies in Saudi Arabia and the United States (Masters Theses). Grand Valley State University.

Ali, M. & Parveen, R. (2013). Teacher training: Teacher education in transition. Retrieved July 21, 2016 from:

Alrasheedi, H. (2009). Information and Communication Technology (ICT): Effects of Gender and Training among Kuwait Teachers (Doctoral dissertation). College of Education of Ohio University.

Al-Zaidiyeen, N. J., Mei, L. L., & Fook, F. S. (2010). Teachers' Attitudes and Levels of Technology Use in Classrooms: The Case of Jordan Schools. International education studies, 3(2), 211-218.

Anderson, J. (2010). ICT Transforming Education: A Regional Guide. UNESCO Bangkok.

Ayesha, R. (2013). Understanding Pre-Service Teachers’ Motivations for Joining Teaching in Pakistan (Doctoral dissertation). Michigan State University

Best, J. W., & Kahn, J. V. (2014). Research in Education (10th ed.). Boston Pearson Education, Inc

Bingimlas, K. A. (2009). Barriers to the Successful Integration of ICTs in Teaching and Learning Environments: A Review of the Literature. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology education, 2009, 5(3), 235-245

Brown, H. (2014). Teachers Attitudes and Confidence in Technology Integration. (Theses, Dissertations and Capstones. Paper 893). Retrieved October 19, 2016 from

Chai, C. S., Huang-Yao, H., & Timothy, T. (2009). Singaporean and Taiwanese Pre-service Teachers' beliefs and their Attitude towards ICT use: A Comparative Study. The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 18(1), 117-128

Chowdhury, Md. A. (2012). Teacher Educators’ Perspectives of the Introduction of ICT in Education in Bangladesh. Critical Literacy: Theories and Practices, 6(2), 66-85

Dilshad, M., & Iqbal, H. M. (2010). Quality Indicators in Teacher Education Programmes. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences (PJSS), 30(2), 401-411

Halai, A., & Iqbal, H. M. (2007). Teacher Status Symposium. Institute for Education Development- Aga Khan University, Karachi.

Hassan, T., & Sajid, A. R. (2013). ICTs in Learning: Problems Faced by Pakistan. Journal of Research and Reflections in Education. June 2013, 7(1), 52 -64

Khan, H. (2009). Becoming a Teacher Educator in Public Sector Institutions in Pakistan: Stories from personal and professional lives (Doctoral dissertation). Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan

Khan, M., Hossain, S., Hasan, M., & Clement, C. K. (2012). Barriers to the Introduction of ICT into Education in Developing Countries: The example of Bangladesh. Online Submission, 5(2), 61-80.

Khurshid, K., Shah, A. F., & Reid, N. (2016). Information and Communication Technology in Learning Physics at Secondary School Level in Pakistan. Bulletin of Education and Research, 38(2), 135-151.

Kopcha, T. J. (2012). Teachers' perceptions of the barriers to technology integration and practices with technology under situated professional development. Computers & Education, 59(4), 1109-1121.

Player-Koro, C. (2012). Factors influencing teachers’ use of ICT in education. Education Inquiry, 3(1), 93-108.

Meleisea, E. L. L. I. E. (2007). The UNESCO ICT in education programme. Bangkok, Thailand: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

Mikre, F. (2011). The roles of information communication technologies in education: Review article with emphasis to the computer and internet. Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences, 6(2), 109-126.

Nandwani, S., & Khan, S. Ali (2016). Teachers’ Intention towards the Usage of Technology: An Investigation Using UTAUT Model. Journal of Education & Social Sciences, 4(2): 94-114.

Nisar, M. W., Munir, E., & Shad, S. Ali (2011). Usage and Impact of ICT in Education Sector; A Study of Pakistan. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 5(12), 578-583, ISSN 1991-8178

NPSTP (2009). National Professional Standard for Initial Preparation of Teachers in Pakistan, available in pdf

Rana, N. (2012). A study to assess teacher educators' attitudes towards technology integration in classrooms. Journal of Educational Studies, Trends & Practices, 2(2), 190-205.

Shaikh, Z. A., & Khoja, S. A. (2011). Role of ICT in Shaping the Future of Pakistani Higher Education System. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology-TOJET, 10(1), 149-161.

Shazia, M. (2000) Factors Affecting Teachers' use of Information and Communications Technology: A Review of the Literature. Journal of Information Technology for Teacher Education, 9(3), 319-342

Shirvani, H. (2014). Pre-service teachers’ attitudes toward using technology in schools. Journal of Literacy and Technology, 15(1), 33-53.

Tweed, S. R. (2013). "Technology Implementation: Teacher Age, Experience, Self-Efficacy, and Professional Development as Related to Classroom Technology Integration" Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Paper 1109. Retrieved November 4, 2016 from

Wan, J. (2009). Teacher Educators' Computer Technology Integration: At Utah State University (Doctoral dissertation). Utah State University.

Yidana, I. (2007). Faculty Perceptions of Technology Integration in the Teacher Education Curriculum: A Survey of Two Ghanaian Universities (Doctoral Dissertation). Ohio University.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Experiential Learning & Case Studies

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.