LINKAGE BETWEEN ENTREPRENEURIAL EDUCATION AND INTENTION AND

Muhammad Rafiq, Muhammad Ilyas, Chaudhary Abdul Rehman

Abstract


This research focuses on the impact of entrepreneurship education on the intention and desire for venture creation among university students of Pakistan. The study describes the main effects found in the literature and data analysis how non entrepreneur graduates are low hanging fruit than entrepreneurial graduates. This study uses positivism paradigm. A survey is conducted from 160 respondents from private and public sector educational institutes by using close ended questionnaires. For explanation, this study used a five point Likert scale questionnaire. The students, who have taken entrepreneurship education and who have not, were the respondent’s categoryiesto explain the results. Statistical Package of Social Sciences (SPSS) software was used to analyse the results. The independent sample t-test is used to measure the difference of two groups. The study proposes that education has a strong impact on venture creation. The candidates, who hold an entrepreneurship course, grow exponentially by exploiting opportunity, situation and the ability (O-S-A). Knowledge of venture creation and confidence to venture has a  significant impact on the establishment and growth of the venture.

Keywords


Entrepreneurship education, venture vreation, overseas, team building, trust, intention and desire.

References


References

Andrea L, Larson (2000) Sustainable Innovation Through an Entrepreneurship Lens. Business Strategy and the Environment.304–317.

Autio, E., H. Keeley, R., Klofsten, M., GC Parker, G., & Hay, M. (2001) Entrepreneurial intent among students in Scandinavia and in the USA. Enterprise and Innovation Management Studies, 2(2), 145-160.

Azam R, Muhammad, Harrison P (2011) Entrepreneurial Leadership: What Is It and How Should It Be Taught?. international Review of Entrepreneurship.Senate Hall Academic Publishing 9(3).

Bird B (1988) Implementing entrepreneurial ideas: The case for intention. Academy of Management Review 13(3), 442-453.

Brockhaussr R, & P. Horwitz (1986) The Psychology of the Entrepreneur in The Art and Science of Entrepreneurship. Business Education Research 2(2): 5–26.

Bryman, A., & Bell, E. (2007) Business research methods.Oxford university press.

Cho B (1998) Study of the effective entrepreneurship education method and its process.Business Education Research 2(1):27–47.

Clark B, Davis, C. &Harnish (1984) Do courses in entrepreneurship aid in new venture creation?Journal of Small Business Management 22(2): 26–31.

Creswell, J. W. (2012) Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. Sage.

Falkang J, &Alberti F (2000) The assessment of entrepreneurship education. Industry and Higher Education 14 (2),101-108.

Fayolle, A., Gailly, B., &Lassas-Clerc, N. (2006) Assessing the impact of entrepreneurship education programmes: a new methodology.Journal of European industrial training 30(9), 701-720.

Fraenkel, J.,Wallen, N., &Sawin, E. (1999) Visual statistics. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Galloway L,& Kelly S (2009) Identifying entrepreneurial potential? An investigation of the identifiers and features of entrepreneurship.International Review of Entrepreneurship 7(4): 1-24.

Gartner W (1985) A conceptual framework for describing the phenomenon of new venture creation.Academy of Management Review 10, 696–706.

Gibb A (1993) Enterprise Culture and Education: understanding enterprise education and its links with small business, entrepreneurship and wider educational goals. International Small Business Journal, 11(3): 11-34.

Gorman, G., Hanlon, D., & King, W. (1997)Some research perspectives on entrepreneurship education, enterprise education and education for small business management: a ten-year literature review. International Small Business Journal, 15(3), 56-77.

Guth D & Ginsberg A (1990) Corporate entrepreneurship.Strategic Management Journal, Special Issue 5-16.

Ahmad, H. M., Niazi, G., Hunjra, A. I., &Rehman, K. U. (2011) Planned Behavior Entrepreneurship and Intention to Create a New Venture among Young Graduates. Management & Marketing 6(3), 437-456.

Han J,& Lee M (1998) A study on the status of entrepreneurship education in Korea and its direction. Business Education Research 2(2), 5–26.

Hannon, P. D., Scott, J. M., Sursani, S. R., &Millman, C. (2006)The state of education provision for enterprise and entrepreneurship: A mapping study of England’s HEIs.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ List_of_Pakistanis_by_net_worth/date: 02/06/14

http://gotest.pk/education/pakistan-education/top-10- richest-people-in-pakistan/ date: 02/06/14

Johnson D,& Craig J (2006) Entrepreneurship Education: towards a Discipline-based framework. Journal of Management Development 25(1): 40-54.

Van der Sluis, J., Van Praag, M., &Vijverberg, W. (2008) Education and entrepreneurship selection and performance: A review of the empirical literature.Journal of Economic Surveys, 22(5), 795-841.

Kolvereid L, Isaksen E (2006) New business start-up and subsequent entry into self-employment. Journal of Business Venturing 21, 6, 866–885.

Krueger N (1993) The impact of prior entrepreneurial exposure on perceptions of new venture feasibility and desirability. Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice 18 (1), 5-21.

Labuschagne, M., Nieuwenhuizen, C., & Kroon, J. (2001) A multi-disciplinary approach to the development of training programmes and qualifications for entrepreneurship. In IntEnt conference, Kruger National Park.

LIN F (2004) Intention-based models of entrepreneurship education.PiccollaIm-presa/Small Business 3, 11–35.

London M (1983) Toward a theory of career motivation. Academy of Management Review 3 (4), 620-630.

LuthjeC,& FRANKE N (2002) Fostering entrepreneurship through university education and training: Lessons from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. European Academy of Management 2nd Annual Conference on Innovative Research in Management Stockholm 9–11.

OECD (2009) Evaluation of Programs Concerning Education for Entrepreneurship.Report by the OECD Working Party on SMEs and Entrepreneurship, OECD.

Peterman N, & Kennedy J (2003) Enterprise education: Influencing student’s perception of entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship, Theory & Practice, 28 (2) 129-142.

Phan, P. H., Wong, P. K., & Wang, C. K. (2002). Antecedents to entrepreneurship among university students in Singapore: beliefs, attitudes and background. Journal of Enterprising Culture 10(02), 151-174.

Rae D (2006) Entrepreneurial learning: A narrative based conceptual model. Journal of Small Business &Enterprise Development 12 (3), 232-335.

S. M. Aqil Burney & Mahmood N (2006) A Brief History of Mathematical Logic and Applications of Logic in CS/IT. Karachi University Journal of Science 34 (1).

Sang M. Lee, Daesung C (2005) Impact of Entrepreneurship Education: A Comparative Study of the U.S. and Korea.International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal 1, 27–43.

Sathe V (1985) Managing an entrepreneurial dilemma: nurturing entrepreneurship and control in large organization. Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research 636-356.

Shane S (2000) Prior knowledge and the discovery of entrepreneurial opportunities.Organizational Science 11, 448-469.

Shapero A, Sokol L (1982). The social dimensions of entrepreneurship.Encyclopedia of Entrepreneurship, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Timmons J (1999) New venture creation: Entrepreneurship for 21st century. Homewood, Illinois: Irwin- McGraw-Hill.

TkachevA, & Kolvereid (1999) Self-employment intentions among Russian students. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development 11, 269–280.

Wilken N (2005) Small business education decision of entrepreneurship.New Jersey: Prentice Hall Inc, 2.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22555/pbr.v17i2.116

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.